Notas aula Guto 21/09

Não existe a priori o mundo é negociado o tempo todo.
Enação – conceito de Varela –
Interessante é quando o efeito desaparece para dar lugar a outras transformações
Não existe sistema sem rede
Consenso x Contrato – como lugar de entendimento
Acoplamentos inteligentes
Deleuze : Spinoza e o afeto
Entropia : Arnheim

Escola Chilena de Biologia de Cognição
What is the Biology of Cognition?

In the scientific community and in the people in general, the Biology of Cognition is identified with Humberto Maturana. Therefore, I made the following question directly to him.
A.R.: Humberto, what is the Biology of Cognition?

H. Maturana: “The Biology of Cognition is an explanatory proposition that attemps to show how human cognitive processes arise from the operation of human beings as living systems. As much, The Biology of Cognition entails reflexions oriented to understand living systems, their evolutionary history, language as a biological phenomenon, the nature of explanations, and the origin of humaness. As a reflection on how we do what we do as observers it is a study in the epistemology of knowledge. But, and at the same time as a reflection on how we exist in language as languaging beings, it is a study on human relations”.


“An autopoietic machine is a machine organized (defined as a unity) as a network of processes of production (transformation and destruction) of components which: (i) through their interactions and transformations continuously regenerate and realize the network of processes (relations) that produced them; and (ii) constitute it (the machine) as a concrete unity in space in which they (the components) exist by specifying the topological domain of its realization as such a network (Maturana, Varela, 1980, p. 78)

[…] the space defined by an autopoietic system is self-contained and cannot be described by using dimensions that define another space. When we refer to our interactions with a concrete autopoietic system, however, we project this system on the space of our manipulations and make a description of this projection.(Maturana, Varela, 1980, p. 89)

Maturana, Humberto & Varela, Francisco ([1st edition 1973] 1980). Autopoiesis and Cognition: the Realization of the Living. Robert S. Cohen and Marx W. Wartofsky (Eds.), Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 42. Dordecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co. ISBN 90-277-1015-5 (hardback), ISBN90-277-1016-3 (paper) —the main published reference on autopoiesis.
Second Order Cybernetics
Teoria da “enação” (enaction)

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